Click below to read HCD Lab’s latest reports.
The intention of this report is to provide policymakers with a general framework for approaching walkability, starting with a purely technical perspective and advancing towards a human-centred intersectional approach. The report also reviews the most common tools to measure different dimensions of walkability and explore the general findings of the existing literature. After reviewing this document, readers will know how to measure walkability and the limitations of their chosen methodology. Click to read report.
Cities have witnessed agglomeration of COVID-19 cases, prompting questions regarding optimal densities and the future of urban and transportation planning. In this document, we explain how cities fight for infectious and non-infectious diseases by (a) reducing contact with vectors, (b) conserving wildlife (reservoir of potential pathogens), (c) promoting physical activity and reducing the risk of morbidity associated with overweight and chronic disease, and (d) reducing greenhouse gas emissions, on of the biggest threats to world health according to the World Health Organization. We outline the importance of city resilience for respiratory outbreaks, implementing physical distancing, barriers, and adequate ventilation. Finally, we explore equity considerations that should be considered in response to an outbreak. Click to read report.
This report highlights results focused on Metro Vancouver from a residential preferences survey that was conducted for the Healthy Canada by Design CLASP Coalition with funding provided by the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer’s Healthy Canada by Design Coalitions Linking Action and Science for Prevention (CLASP) program. Click to read report. Click to read backgrounder. Click for infographic.
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This report identifies opportunities and provides recommendations on how TransLink can incorporate health into the transportation planning process and begin to consider the health impacts of transportation-related administrative, procedural, programmatic, fiscal and regulatory decisions. Click for more info.
This short report discusses how transportation and urban form can help or hinder older adults living well. It reviews previous research about older adults' travel patterns, physical activity, and how these connect to the built environment. Using the walkability index, the report also analyzes where in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia high concentrations of older adults reside and the walkability and transit accessibility in those areas. Click for more info.
This summary report introduces the Metro Vancouver Walkability Index developed at the University of British Columbia to measure neighbourhood urban form characteristics in Metro Vancouver, and summarizes results from a series of local studies that have applied the Index to explore associations between neighbourhood design and travel behaviour, physical activity, obesity, and air pollution. Click to view.
Explores how the planning, layout and design of neighbourhoods and communities throughout Metro Vancouver relates with the amount of driving, walking, and transit riding residents do on a daily basis. Prepared for the British Columbia Recreation and Parks Association. Authored by Andrew Devlin and Dr. Lawrence Frank. Click to view.
Examines the statistical relationships between Body Mass Index (BMI), physical activity, and development patterns in southwestern British Columbia. Authored by Dr. Lawrence Frank, Meghan Winters, Brian Patterson, and Cora Craig. Click to view.
This report examines the existing empirical evidence linking development patterns to physical activity and healthy food choices - the characteristics of built environments that promote or inhibit healthy body weights. It also discusses the potential effectiveness of environmental interventions to support people in achieving healthy weights, and the strength of the available evidence, including current gaps in the research, and highlights where further study will benefit the state of the practice. Prepared for the BC Public Health Services Authority. Authored by Dr. Lawrence Frank and Dr. Kim Raine (University of Calgary). Click to view the report.
An exploration of the literature regarding linkages between development patterns, transportation behavior, and all different facets of public health, including safety, air quality, physical activity, and community cohesion. The report helps to frame how smart growth policies can best support population health objectives overall, rather than looking at any one impact in isolation. Prepared for Smart Growth BC. Authored by Dr. Lawrence D. Frank, Sarah Kavage and Todd Litman, (Victoria Transportation Policy Institute). Click to view the report.